Discoveries from the Roman Empire

From the bizarre discovery of a couple holdings hands after 1500 yrs to the amazing realization that there were female gladiators!

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5. Cyprus Mosaics
Romans were masters of creating, massive beautiful mosaics, using different colored stones. And these weren’t only found in Italy. Roman artists also worked about 1200 miles away on the Mediterranean island of Cyprus. Here in this photo you see the mosaic floor that measures 13 feet wide by 36 feet long and it was discovered just 19 miles from Cyprus’ current capital city, in 2016. This dates back to the 4th century AD. Expert archaeologists believe it was once the floor of a wealthy Roman nobleman who lived in Cyprus during roman rule. The photo depicts charioteers during a race being pulled by a total of 4 horses with the names of the horse inscribed. It is still in remarkable condition! It’s quite rare to find mosaics that are so well preserved from the Roman times. The color and detail is simply amazing. Another part of the mosaic depicts a man on a horseback with two others holding water and a whip. Chariot races were an exciting part of Roman culture and would almost be like the equivalent us having a poster of our favorite team on the wall but much more expensive and massive scale.

4. Gallo Roman Necropolis
It’s amazing to think that all across Europe, some one could discover something new about one civilization, even though sometimes it can get a little eery. Archaeologists were able to discover hundreds of graves, this time in Western France, near a town called Saintes. Several bodies were buried with iron shackles around their necks, like we can see in this photo. These were believed to be Roman slaves. The burial site is located about 250 meters west of the Saintes Amphitheatre and possibly a dumping pit for the losers of the gladiatorial battles. This necropolis, like many in the Roman Empire were constructed outside the city as a burial site and also where cremations. Unfortunately, not many artifacts were uncovered, only coins that were left over the deceased’s eyes. This was a Roman tradition so the person’s spirit could pay the ferryman to transport them across the river, that separated the world of the living and the world of the dead.

3. The Ct Scans of Pompeii
After the volcanic eruption of mount Vesuvius that devastated the large city of Pompeii in 79 AD, many were left as human statues, plastered in volcanic ash. Similar to how we will look after a supervolcano explosion. Scientists decided to take a few human statues and Ct scan them in order to see what lies beneath the coat of ash. 86 ancient victims of this horrific incident are given a face after 1900 years. The images have finally been released, so let’s a look at some of our ancient Roman ancestors. This first one, appears to be a 4 year old child who were found along his parents after the eruption and shows the results of the 3D scan. Other Ct scans bring the skull more to life by giving it a muscular pink cover. Even before the invention of braces, he appears to have perfect teeth. Many are frozen in time with their last pose being the one that will last forever. Even dogs were found frozen in time. This site still attracts many tourists and is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

2. The Mysterious Dodecahedron
These bizarre dodecahedrons are found all over former territories of the Roman Empire but no one can really figure out what exactly it’s used for. It’s strange design even make some people wonder if it has extraterrestrial origins. About 100 of these have been discovered in places like the UK, Hungary, Germany and France. They tend to be made of bronze but the true mystery is it’s purpose. New theories seem to pop up all the time. With explanations ranging from candle holders, dice, glove makers and even astronomical measuring. With such a bizarre range of possible uses, people have tried to prove their theories and one person, even showed how it could be used to make gloves. Which theory do you believe is correct?

1.Gladiator’s Helmet
Found in the ruins of Pompeii, this perfectly preserved gladiator’s helmet was uncovered by archeologists in 2009. This was known to be the helmet of an armored gladiator known as the murmillo. This type of gladiator, fought with a deadly short thrusting sword known as a gladius, which is where the word gladiator comes from. He protected himself with this style of helmet as well as segmented armor on his dominant arm. He represented the warriors found in the territory of Gaul or modern day France. Here in this photo you can see an artist’s portrayal of a victorious murmillo gladiators. This style of gladiator worked well for big men, with large muscular arms and strong shoulders to carry the weight of the armor and shield. Depending on his endurance, the gladiator had a good chance of winning because of his equipment.

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